57th Air Division
B-52H Stratofortress of the division’s 28th Bombardment Wing
1940–1941; 1942–1945; 1951–1969; 1975–1991
United States Air Force
Command of strategic strike forces
Mediterranean Theater of Operations
57th Air Division emblem (Approved 7 April 1954)
The 57th Air Division is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with the Fifteenth Air Force, based at Minot Air Force Base, North Dakota. It was inactivated on 24 June 1991.
2.6 Aircraft and missiles
3 See also
“Established as the 8th Pursuit Wing, it conducted training from 1940 to 1941. As a paper unit, it moved to India and then to Egypt in December 1942.”
It finally gained personnel and aircraft, and became operational as the 57 Bombardment Wing in March 1944. “Initially, the 57th flew close air support missions against enemy troops and gun emplacements in the vicinity of Anzio, Italy; later, it flew bombing missions against railway marshalling yards at Foligno, Littoria, and Terni, Italy. Between 19 March 1944 and 11 May 1944 the 57th took part in Operation Strangle to destroy Italian marshalling yards, railroad repair facilities and other rail targets such as bridges, tunnels, and viaducts. It continued to fly close air support and interdiction missions in Italy throughout the war, and supported the invasion of southern France on 15 August 1944.” The unit was inactivated at the end of the war.
Reactivated as an intermediate command echelon of Strategic Air Command in 1951, the 57th Air Division assumed a supervisory role of subordinate bombardment units. “Its units trained to conduct long range bombardment, air refueling, and strategic reconnaissance operations around the world. Between 1965 and 1969, division units supported Operation Arc Light bombing and Operation Young Tiger air refueling operations in Southeast Asia. In 1980 the 57th reorganized to employ Strategic Air Command conventional strategic forces (bomber, tanker, and reconnaissance) in crisis situations worldwide.”
It was inactivated in June 1991 due to budget constraints and the reduction of forces after the end of the Cold War.
Established as the 8th Pursuit Wing on 19 Oct