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57th Air Division

57th Air Division

B-52H Stratofortress of the division’s 28th Bombardment Wing

Active
1940–1941; 1942–1945; 1951–1969; 1975–1991

Country
 United States

Branch
 United States Air Force

Role
Command of strategic strike forces

Engagements
Mediterranean Theater of Operations

Insignia

57th Air Division emblem (Approved 7 April 1954)[1]

The 57th Air Division is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with the Fifteenth Air Force, based at Minot Air Force Base, North Dakota. It was inactivated on 24 June 1991.

Contents

1 History
2 Lineage

2.1 Assignments
2.2 Components

2.2.1 Wings
2.2.2 Groups

2.3 Stations
2.4 Campaigns
2.5 Emblem
2.6 Aircraft and missiles

3 See also
4 References

4.1 Notes
4.2 Bibliography

History[edit]
“Established as the 8th Pursuit Wing, it conducted training from 1940 to 1941. As a paper unit, it moved to India and then to Egypt in December 1942.”[1]
It finally gained personnel and aircraft, and became operational as the 57 Bombardment Wing in March 1944. “Initially, the 57th flew close air support missions against enemy troops and gun emplacements in the vicinity of Anzio, Italy; later, it flew bombing missions against railway marshalling yards at Foligno, Littoria, and Terni, Italy. Between 19 March 1944 and 11 May 1944 the 57th took part in Operation Strangle to destroy Italian marshalling yards, railroad repair facilities and other rail targets such as bridges, tunnels, and viaducts. It continued to fly close air support and interdiction missions in Italy throughout the war, and supported the invasion of southern France on 15 August 1944.”[1] The unit was inactivated at the end of the war.
Reactivated as an intermediate command echelon of Strategic Air Command in 1951, the 57th Air Division assumed a supervisory role of subordinate bombardment units. “Its units trained to conduct long range bombardment, air refueling, and strategic reconnaissance operations around the world. Between 1965 and 1969, division units supported Operation Arc Light bombing and Operation Young Tiger air refueling operations in Southeast Asia. In 1980 the 57th reorganized to employ Strategic Air Command conventional strategic forces (bomber, tanker, and reconnaissance) in crisis situations worldwide.”[1]
It was inactivated in June 1991[1] due to budget constraints and the reduction of forces after the end of the Cold War.
Lineage[edit]

Established as the 8th Pursuit Wing on 19 Oct

Roods Landing Site

Roods Landing Site
9 SW 1

Roods Creek Landing Recreation Area, location of the Roods Creek Mounds.

Shown within Georgia (U.S. state)

Location
Omaha, Georgia, Stewart County, Georgia,  USA

Region
Stewart County, Georgia

Coordinates
32°1′28.02″N 85°2′39.98″W / 32.0244500°N 85.0444389°W / 32.0244500; -85.0444389

History

Cultures
Middle Woodland, South Appalachian Mississippian culture

Site notes

Architecture

Architectural styles
platform mound

Architectural details
Number of temples:

Roods Landing Site

U.S. National Register of Historic Places

Show map of Georgia (U.S. state)

Show map of the US

Area
100 acres (40.5 ha)

NRHP Reference #
75000609[1]

Added to NRHP
August 19, 1975

Responsible body: Private

The Roods Landing Site or Roods Creek Mounds (9SW1) is an archaeological site located south of Omaha, Stewart County, Georgia, United States at the confluence of Rood Creek and the Chattahoochee River. It is a Middle Woodland / Mississippian period Pre-Columbian complex of earthen mounds. It was entered on the National Register of Historic Places on August 19, 1975.[1]

Contents

1 Site description
2 Excavations
3 See also
4 References

Site description[edit]
The location is a large multimound site with eight platform mounds. The largest mound at the site is Mound A, at 7.6 metres (25 ft) in height, with a base, and summit measuring 44.2 metres (145 ft) by 38.1 metres (125 ft). This summit had 3 wattle and daub structures and was covered with a surface of yellow clay with a raised 60-to-90-centimetre (2.0 to 3.0 ft) lip forming a parapet around the edge of the summit. Structure 1 was located at the center of the summit and the other structures were arranged around it to either side. The mound had two ramps leading from the summit (with openings in the clay parapet structure) to the ground level, each measuring 15.2 metres (50 ft) in length, 4.5 metres (15 ft) in width where they join the summit, and 7.6 metres (25 ft) where they meet ground level. One faced northwest on a plaza opposite Mound E, the other lead to the southwest.[2]
Excavations[edit]
Clarence Bloomfield Moore attempted to excavate the site. It reminded him of Moundville which it somewhat resembles. However, he was denied permission. The site was excavated in 1955 by Joseph Caldwell but has not been excavated since.[2] It is

Ouro Branco, Minas Gerais

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Coordinates: 09°10′00″S 37°21′24″W / 9.16667°S 37.35667°W / -9.16667; -37.35667

Location of Ouro Branco within Minas Gerais

Church Matriz de Santo Antônio (1717)

Ouro Branco is a Brazilian municipality located in the state of Minas Gerais. The city belongs to the mesoregion Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte and to the microregion of Conselheiro Lafaiete.
The name “Ouro Branco” means “White Gold”, as opposed to “Black Gold” – Ouro Preto. The city was an important base on the transportation route from the mines of Minas Gerais to the coast.
See also[edit]

List of municipalities in Minas Gerais

External links[edit]

Ouro Branco travel guide from Wikivoyage

v
t
e

Municipalities of Minas Gerais

Capital: Belo Horizonte

 
Mesoregion Campo das Vertentes

Barbacena

Alfredo Vasconcelos
Antônio Carlos
Barbacena
Barroso
Capela Nova
Caranaíba
Carandaí
Desterro do Melo
Ibertioga
Ressaquinha
Santa Bárbara do Tugúrio
Senhora dos Remédios

Lavras

Carrancas
Ijaci
Ingaí
Itumirim
Itutinga
Lavras
Luminárias
Nepomuceno
Ribeirão Vermelho

São João del Rei

Conceição da Barra de Minas
Coronel Xavier Chaves
Dores de Campos
Lagoa Dourada
Madre de Deus de Minas
Nazareno
Piedade do Rio Grande
Prados
Resende Costa
Ritápolis
Santa Cruz de Minas
Santana do Garambéu
São João del Rei
São Tiago
Tiradentes

 
Mesoregion Central Mineira

Bom Despacho

Araújos
Bom Despacho
Dores do Indaiá
Estrela do Indaiá
Japaraíba
Lagoa da Prata
Leandro Ferreira
Luz
Martinho Campos
Moema
Quartel Geral
Serra da Saudade

Curvelo

Augusto de Lima
Buenópolis
Corinto
Curvelo
Felixlândia
Inimutaba
Joaquim Felício
Monjolos
Morro da Garça
Presidente Juscelino
Santo Hipólito

Três Marias

Abaeté
Biquinhas
Cedro do Abaeté
Morada Nova de Minas
Paineiras
Pompéu
Três Marias

 
Mesoregion Jequitinhonha

Almenara

Almenara
Bandeira
Divisópolis
Felisburgo
Jacinto
Jequitinhonha
Joaíma
Jordânia
Mata Verde
Monte Formoso
Palmópolis
Rio do Prado
Rubim
Salto da Divisa
Santa Maria do Salto
Santo Antônio do Jacinto

Araçuaí

Araçuaí
Caraí
Coronel M

William Foster (historiographer)

Sir William Foster (1863–1951) Knight (1925), CIE (1913), was Registrar and Superintendent of Records in the India Office.[1] He was a historiographer and member of the Hakluyt Society.
Works[edit]

Letters Received By The East India Company (1897)
The English factories in India, 1618-1669 : a calendar of documents in the India Office, British Museum and Public Record Office (1911) first of thirteen volumes, eleven of which are available at: [1]
A guide to the India Office records, 1600-1858 (1919)
Early travels in India, 1583-1619 (1921)
Winter, Edward, (signed as “W. F.”) in Dictionary of National Biography, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., (1885-1900) in 63 vols.

Notes[edit]

^ “The British Library – India Office Select Materials – Collection details”. British Library. Retrieved 3 February 2015. 

Wikisource has original works written by or about:
William Foster

Authority control

WorldCat Identities
VIAF: 17329192
LCCN: n50023173
ISNI: 0000 0001 0875 100X
GND: 116677058
SUDOC: 029765692
BNF: cb12511006t (data)
NLA: 35096104

William Foster (historiographer)

Sir William Foster (1863–1951) Knight (1925), CIE (1913), was Registrar and Superintendent of Records in the India Office.[1] He was a historiographer and member of the Hakluyt Society.
Works[edit]

Letters Received By The East India Company (1897)
The English factories in India, 1618-1669 : a calendar of documents in the India Office, British Museum and Public Record Office (1911) first of thirteen volumes, eleven of which are available at: [1]
A guide to the India Office records, 1600-1858 (1919)
Early travels in India, 1583-1619 (1921)
Winter, Edward, (signed as “W. F.”) in Dictionary of National Biography, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., (1885-1900) in 63 vols.

Notes[edit]

^ “The British Library – India Office Select Materials – Collection details”. British Library. Retrieved 3 February 2015. 

Wikisource has original works written by or about:
William Foster

Authority control

WorldCat Identities
VIAF: 17329192
LCCN: n50023173
ISNI: 0000 0001 0875 100X
GND: 116677058
SUDOC: 029765692
BNF: cb12511006t (data)
NLA: 35096104